United Nations Organization

WHAT IS UN ?
organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions.
There are currently 192 member states, including nearly every sovereign state in the world. From its offices around the world, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year. The organization has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (for assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (which is currently inactive). Other prominent UN System agencies include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The UN's most visible public figure is the Secretary-General, currently Ban Ki-moon

FORMATION OF UN…………
After the League of Nations failed to prevent World War II (1939–1945) and realizing that mankind can not afford a Third World War the United Nations was established to replace the flawed League of Nations in 1945 in order to maintain international peace and promote cooperation in solving international economic, social and humanitarian problems. The earliest concrete plan for a new world organization was begun under the aegis of the U.S. State Department in 1939. Franklin D. Roosevelt first coined the term 'United Nations' as a term to describe the Allied countries. The term was first officially used on 1 January 1942 when 26 governments signed the Atlantic Charter, pledging to continue the war effort.[3] On 25 April 1945, the UN Conference on International Organization began in San Francisco, attended by 50 governments and a number of non-governmental organizations involved in drafting.

OBJECTIVES OF UN………
TO maintain peace and security
To take care of human rights
Humanitarian assistance
Social and economic development

BODIES OF UN……
SECURITY COUNCIL
INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
SECRETARIAT
GENERAL ASSEMBLY
TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL

AGENCIES OF UN……….
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION
INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION
INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION
CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION
WORLD BANK
TOURISN ORGANIZATION
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
UNITED NATION EDUCATIONAL,SCIENTIFIC CULTURAL ORG.
WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME

ACHIEVEMENTS OF UN
By having deployed a total of 42 peace-keeping forces and observer missions as of September 1996, the United Nations has been able to restore calm to allow the negotiating process to go
Since 1945, the United Nations has been credited with negotiating 172 peaceful settlements that have ended regional conflicts. Recent cases include an end to the Iran-Iraq war, the withdrawal of Soviet troops
- The United Nations has enabled people in over 45 countries to participate in free and fair elections, including those held in Cambodia, Namibia, El Salvador, Eritrea, Mozambique, Nicaragua and South Africa. It has provided electoral advice, assistance, and monitoring of results.
The UN system has devoted more attention and resources to the promotion of the development of human skills and potentials than any other external assistance effort

INDIA’S ROLE IN UN……..
Although not a permanent member of the UN Security Council, India has been elected periodically to fill a nonpermanent seat, and during the 1991-92 period served in that capacity
India also has served as a member of many UN bodies—including the Economic and Social Council, the Human Rights Commission, and the Disarmament Commission..
During the Cold War, India's participation in the UN was notable for its efforts to resist the imposition of superpower disputes on UN General Assembly debates and to focus international attention on the problems of economic development. In the early 1950s, India attempted unsuccessfully to help China join the UN.

HEADQUATERS OF UN…….
The headquarters of the United Nations is a distinctive complex in New York City, United States, that has served as the official headquarters of the United Nations since its completion in 1952. It is located in the Turtle Bay neighborhood of Manhattan, on spacious grounds overlooking the East River.The United Nations has three additional, subsidiary, regional headquarters or headquarter districts. These are located in Geneva (Switzerland), Vienna (Austria), and Nairobi (Kenya).[2] These adjunct offices help represent UN interests, facilitate diplomatic activities, and enjoy certain extraterritorial privileges, but only the main headquarters in New York contains the seats of the principal organs of the UN,

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